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THE IMPACT OF THE CURRENT INTERNATIONAL LAW CRISIS ON THE RIGHT TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Titus Corlătean

 Abstract

The progress of the society, the socio-economic development and the increase of

prosperity, in certain cases, and the decrease of poverty and of the economic disparities, in

many other cases, constitute natural goals for any local, national, regional or global human

community.

The natural human aspiration to progress has taken, over the time, the form of a right,

for both the state and individuals, as a human right, namely as a right to development. The

developments over the recent decades have even allowed that the right to sustainable

development be enshrined within the third generation of the fundamental human rights, the

so-called "solidarity rights".

The latter cannot exist outside a structured system of international rules and

regulations, able to provide stability and predictability, a favourable framework for socioeconomic

progress. This requires both will and political commitment of international

decision makers, as well as a reasonable functionality of the International Law system.

The International Law crises, the challenges arising in the international relations

system affect the stability of the system and generate changes in the power relationships, in

the foundation of the principles and set of values, in the allocation or access to resources,

thus causing discontinuities or disparities in the mankind’s effort to generate sustainable

development.

The promotion of the major global goals for sustainable development enshrined in

programmatic documents such as the 1992 Rio Declaration of the United Nations

Conference on Environment and Development or the 2015 UN General Assembly

Resolution on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development requires also political support

for the supremacy of the International Law and involves a quality education process,

targeting both elites and international decision makers, as well as the society as a whole. It

must necessarily include an increased awareness for the basis of the international legality,

also by means of the university curricula addressing the Public International Law subject.

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