Some aspects of criminal law and forensic science regarding human trafficking
Adrian Cristian MOISE
Trafficking in human beings constitutes a complex criminal offence which comprises the following stages: recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of human beings for the
purpose to exploit them. The essential element of the human beings trafficking process is the exploitation of persons in conditions which seriously affect the fundamental human rights and
freedoms. To comply with the requirements referring to the offence of trafficking in persons, it is not important if the purpose pursued by the traffickers of persons, the exploitation of the victim, was
carried out or not.
The crimes of trafficking in human beings present a cross-border character, which imposes that the evidence be obtained from the territorial jurisdiction of several states, by using the special
techniques of criminal investigation, international cooperation and requests for mutual assistance.
The investigation process of the trafficking in human beings must be centred on the respect of the rights and needs of victims. Investigators in the field of trafficking in human beings must
continuously adapt to the new challenges related to the combat against trafficking in persons by elaborating new methods, techniques and proceedings of investigation.
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