One of the most important guarantees of the rule of law is the constitutionality control of laws
(and of the government ordinances).
In Romania, we may speak about a real system of control of constitutionality starting with 1912
(just a little over 100 year!). The recognitions as a legal mechanism were made by Romanian
Constitution of 1923. During the period of the communist regime, the constitutionality control was
reduced to a formality. After the Revolution of 1989, the constitutionality control has been
reintroduced into the Romanian constitutional system. But the Romanian Constitution-maker of
1991 gave up the traditional form of the constitutionality control, concentrated, exercised by the
supreme court alone, and chose the “European model”, respectively a system where the
constitutionality control is exercised by the Constitutional Court, a specialized body, organized only
for this purpose, and which is not part of the judiciary power of the State.
This paper represents a short review of (a little over) 100 year of constitutionality control in
Articles (Studies, discussions, comments)