Law Review International Journal of Law and Jurisprudence Open Source Online Publication Edited by the Union of Jurists of Romania and Universul Juridic Publishing House e-ISSN 2246-9435
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100 YEARS OF CONSTITUTIONALITY CONTROL

Daniela Cristina VALEA

 

Abstract

One of the most important guarantees of the rule of law is the constitutionality control of laws

(and of the government ordinances).

In Romania, we may speak about a real system of control of constitutionality starting with 1912

(just a little over 100 year!). The recognitions as a legal mechanism were made by Romanian

Constitution of 1923. During the period of the communist regime, the constitutionality control was

reduced to a formality. After the Revolution of 1989, the constitutionality control has been

reintroduced into the Romanian constitutional system. But the Romanian Constitution-maker of

1991 gave up the traditional form of the constitutionality control, concentrated, exercised by the

supreme court alone, and chose the “European model”, respectively a system where the

constitutionality control is exercised by the Constitutional Court, a specialized body, organized only

for this purpose, and which is not part of the judiciary power of the State.

This paper represents a short review of (a little over) 100 year of constitutionality control in

Romania.

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